How To Draw a Floor Plan for Feng Shui

[NO SOFTWARE REQUIRED]

Feng Shui is the art and science of mindfulness within living spaces. The purpose is to create a more peaceful, harmonious, and fulfilling life by choosing specific placements of rooms, furnishings, and other elements. The best way to implement Feng Shui into your personal space is by drawing out a floor plan and using spatial arrangement and orientation to optimize the home for energy flow.

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Here’s how to draw a floor plan for Feng Shui:

  1.  Choose your area.

  2.  Free-sketch the walls of the floor plan.

  3.  Measure the room width and length.

  4.  Measure the location of entry/exit points and fixtures.

  5.  Draw the feng shui floor plan to scale.

  6.  Sketch and label appliances and furnishings.

  7.  Consider the Bagua (Lo Shu).

Tools you'll need:

Tape measure or Laser measure.

Sketch pad and pencils or pens.

Graph paper to help keep your corners ‘square’.

Straight ruler for drawing lines.

Calculator for working out the scale.

This article covers how to draw a floor plan to scale using feng shui as a baseline for the design. It also discusses the importance of using the Bagua, or energy map, when designing a home. Read on to learn more.

1. Choose Your Area

Before drafting a floor plan, select the area or areas to work with. Ideally, homeowners should implement feng shui practices throughout the entire home.

Additionally, consider whether you’re designing a home from scratch or starting with an existing floor plan. Each floor has its own feng shui floor plan, so you’ll repeat the steps within this article to draft a floor plan for each level of the home.

Floor Plans for Existing Spaces

These are usually easier to draw than floor plans for new homes. Start with the outside of the building first so you can understand the shape. Google maps in satellite mode is also very good for getting the general shape and direction of a building.

This is because there are sometimes small returns and changes in the walls outside that you may not be able to see from the inside due to cupboards or furniture.

Floor Plans for a New Home

You have more possibilities when drafting a floor plan for a new home. But before starting, you’ll need to know the total square footage and shape of the house.

It is usually easier to start with a “site plan” of the land that the house is being built on. This way you can visualize how the home will fit.

Once you’ve drawn the entire shape of the new home, then you can start adding walls and other features.

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By Cate Bramble.

2. Free-Sketch the Floor Plan

When learning how to draw a floor plan by hand, it’s best to start in pencil on a blank sheet of paper, keeping your markings light and easily erasable.

Jot down the measurements taken in the first step on your free-hand sketch. Keep each measurement close to the corresponding wall, closet, or angled corner.

Keep this free sketch nearby to help you draft your final, to-scale floor plan.

3. Measure the room width and length

Use a tape or laser measure to get a reading from wall to wall in each room of the house. Do side-to-side first, then front-to-back. 

If the room has baseboards (skirting boards), measure above the baseboard along the wall. Otherwise, run the measuring tape along the floor. Also ignore furniture and cupboards that are in the way, make sure to go from wall to wall.

Be consistent to ensure that all measurements are accurate.

4. Measure the location of entry/exit points and fixtures.

In this step you are placing the Feng Shui ‘activators’ onto the floor plan.

You can add in any or all of the following –

  • windows,
  • doors, including which way the door swings open.
  • stovetop and oven,
  • refrigerator,
  • toilets, showers, baths, vanities
  • air conditioning,
  • and anything else that can activate Chi.

These don’t have to be perfect measurements, but should be as close as you can. Here is an example of an older style cottage sketched plan, all approximate but with all the measurements needed to create an accurate plan.

A sketch of a home floor plan with the measurements of each room marked in pen

Keep this free sketch nearby to help you draft your final, to-scale floor plan.

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5. Draw the Feng Shui Floor Plan To Scale

The scale you use will depend on which country you are from. In freedom units, use ¼ inch (0.63 cm) to represent one foot of space on your final floor plan. For example, a 30-foot (9.14 meter) exterior wall would be 7.5 inches (19.05 cm) on the to-scale floor plan.

More and more architects and builders are using millimeters (mm), centimeters (cm) and meters (m) in their plans, and international plan companies will have the default set to the metric measurement system.

In metric, the usual scale is 1 meter equals 1 centimeter, so a 6.3m wall will be marked on the floor plan as 6.3cm.

You will often see professional floor plans marked with millimeter measurements. In that case, the scale will still usually be 1m = 1cm, but you may see a measurement like ‘6320’ which is actually in mm. This means that the wall in real life will be 6.32m long and is still drawn on the plan as 6.32cm. 

It doesn’t matter which measuring system you use, as long as you use this same scale for all measurements and dimensions.

Start by adding up the total length of each external wall. In the sketch floor plan example above, the whole back wall of the home is 18.6 meters. The left hand wall total will be 7.2+3.2+7.5+4.0 = 22 meters. The right hand side wall is 7.2+5.5+4 = 16.7 meters. You don’t need to add the front in this case because it should be exactly the same as the back.

Using some graph or chart paper (print your own for free at blocklayer.com) draw in the external walls to give the framework for the rest of the plan. This can be the most difficult part to get right, and you may need to recheck some of your measurements, but is the most important. 

Starting to draw a Feng Shui floor plan to scale using graph paper

Continue drawing the home’s internal walls and features using a pencil, straight-edge ruler, until you’ve fully mapped the interior walls. You can use thin lines for the internal walls, and thicker lines for externals if that helps you distinguish between them.

For stairwells or landings without interior walls, you can draw an “imaginary wall” around them with dotted lines to help visualize the space as a room. You can also add the measurements if you like, but they aren’t necessary for Feng Shui.

Remember the doors and windows

You should also include marks along the walls to account for windows and doors. Represent windows with double lines and doors with arcs that indicate the way they open.

When designing a floor plan from scratch, think long and hard about window and door placement.

Natural light is one factor to consider. Think about the orientation of each window to determine how the room looks during different parts of the day. For example, a west-facing window receives more sunlight in the evening, whereas an east-facing window receives more morning sunlight.

In Feng Shui, windows are the “eyes of the home.” They function the same as doors in terms of energy flow, so energy should be free-flowing around these openings. A general rule is to avoid aligning windows with doors, as the energy simply flows right out of the house, but many times this is highly impractical.

Ideally, kitchens and bathrooms should have one or more windows within the space.

6. Sketch and label appliances and furnishings

Once you’ve created the basic structure of the home and have added dimensions, doors, and windows, it’s time to start including other elements, including electrical, appliances, plumbing, HVAC units, and floor and counter surfaces. By adding this information, you’ll prevent issues where any of your furnishings or fixtures block important space.

  • Electrical symbols: Not necessary for Feng Shui, but handy to have when planning where appliances can go. Large lighting fixtures can be marked  as well.
  • Plumbing: Use abbreviations and symbols for taps, baths, showers, boilers and hot water units. Most architects use “WC” to represent toilets, as it stands for “water closet.” The hot water heater is labelled “HW.” But if you’re not sending the blueprint off to a builder, you can mark with whatever you’re comfortable with.
  • Appliances and fixtures: Lower kitchen cabinets are typically 2 feet (0.6 meter) deep — you can show these with solid lines. Upper cabinets are much shorter, around one foot, drawn with dashed lines. Appliances such as refrigerators and stoves may be drawn with solid lines and labeled.

Finally it’s time for furniture layouts. Here are some tips for choosing furniture placement in your feng shui floor plan:

  • Keep the most-used pieces of furniture in the “command position” — never with its back facing an entrance or exit. In feng shui, this position represents power. Command pieces should have a solid wall behind them to add support, and should never align directly with a door’s path.
  • Designated seating: Everyone living within the home should have a designated seat in the living room or family room.
  • Place each seat in the command position. Place a rug in the center of the room to connect and ground the family.
  • Add house plants: Encourage personal growth with house plants. House plants in the kitchen keep the energy fresh and moving. Add energy to the dining area by placing fresh flowers on the table.
  • Bedrooms are for sleep: Beds should be in the command position along a solid wall and should not be in line with the door. Avoid placing the bed under a window. Do not set up desks or other workspaces in the bedroom — it is for rest only.
  • Invite career support: Keep desks in the command position with a quality chair that offers back support. This represents structure and support in career endeavours. Allow the energy to freely flow by keeping at least 3 feet (0.91 meter) of space around the chair at all times.
  • Keep bathrooms free flowing: Bathrooms should contain houseplants to neutralize the downward, draining water energy. It’s best to keep bathrooms within the water element section of the Bagua (Kăn). If that’s not possible, implement accessories that correspond to the element in which the bathroom is located.
  • Keep corridors open: Hallways, stairwells, and landings should remain free of clutter, with furniture kept to a minimum. It should be easy to navigate through — anything in the way represents an obstacle in life.

Once you’ve drafted out the home, double check your dimensions — everything should have a scale, including rooms, closets, cabinets, bathtubs, furniture, and even the distance from the wall to the back of a toilet or appliance.

You could always download an easy-to-use software design solution with click, drag and drop technology. We like the products by Chief Architect because the interface is easy to understand and there are plenty of training videos that show you how to create your floor plan.

7. Consider the Bagua (Lo Shu)

The “Bagua” is a fundamental tool in feng shui, showing eight areas around a central space. Each of the sections represents different principles of reality, as shown below:

later heaven Bagua lo shu traditional diagram

Judging by the image above, feng shui seems quite complex, however, it’s not impossible to understand. 

Below is a list of the Bagua directions. We’ve outlined some fundamental principles that occupies that particular space in each section. You can use this information to draft a home floor plan that better aligns with feng shui principles by overlaying the Bagua on top of your brand new floor plan.

Starting from the South and going clockwise –

South: Lí, Middle daughter, Fame, Reputation, Social Life, Fire Element. Good for: Kitchen, Dining Area, Living Room.

Southwest: Kūn, Mother, Marriage, Partnerships, Relationships, Yin Earth Element. Good for: Master Bedroom.

West: Duì, Youngest daughter, Children, Creativity, Entertainment, Yin Metal Element. Good for: Play Room, Studio, Theater, Computer Room.

Northwest: Qián, Father, Helpful People, Travel, and Spiritual Life, Yang Metal Element. Good for: Guest Room, Living Room, or Family Room.

North: Kăn, Middle son, Life Mission, Career, Individuality, Water Element. Good for: Entryway.

Northeast: Gèn, Youngest son, Wisdom, Knowledge, Rest, Yang Earth Element. Good for: Office, Library, or Study.

East: Zhèn (or sometimes Chen), Oldest son, Family, Health, Community, Yang Wood Element. Good for: Family Room/Living Room.

Southeast: Xùn,  Oldest daughter, Wealth, Prosperity, Abundance, Yin Wood Element. Good for: Bedroom or Office.

By placing rooms in corresponding positions in the Bagua, you can strengthen a room’s purpose, enhance the energy flow, and even change that particular area of your life. Remember that this is the most basic form of tradtional Feng Shui and doesn’t take into account Ming Gua’s, 8 Mansions or Flying Stars.

When drawing a floor plan for an existing building things can be a little trickier. You could completely renovate the home, but that requires the moving of plumbing and electrical fixtures. Instead, just consider the natural path of movement through the home, and readjust furnishings and other elements to allow for free energy flow.

Note: You may notice that bathrooms aren’t listed in the above chart. Bathrooms can be part of any of the trigrams but ideally not in the South.

Final Thoughts

Feng Shui is complex, but if you study regularly and take it slow, it’s easy to draft a floor plan that corresponds with the fundamental principles of the practice. If you find yourself becoming overwhelmed, take a step back and work with one section at a time.

Floor Plan & Feng Shui Resources

Here is a list of books, websites, services, courses that we use and recommend.

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Created by Brown-Blodgett Co.

The Complete Home Collection from Rocky Mountain Plan Company includes 138 of our favorite floor plans, giving you plenty of options and ideas about how to live your best life in your dream home. With options ranging from tiny houses to luxury estates, you’ll find floor plans that inspire for homes that will bring you comfort, peace, and energy at the square footage and architectural style that suits you best.
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Our easy to follow small wooden house plans include:

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Created by Joshua Woodsman.

In Feng Shui, ‘Form is King’ and in this book co-authored by Jerry King and Vicky Lee, they seek to provide illustrations accompanied by explanations of what is good Feng Shui vs. bad Feng Shui. The common theme in Feng Shui is the mountain governs the health while water governs wealth. The locations of mountains, structures, roads, rivers and water features are very important in determining whether a home has good or bad Feng Shui. Selecting a property with bad Feng Shui can set you back in your life and may also affect your health, wealth, and relationships. With the illustrations in this book, you will be able to learn how to choose a good Feng Shui property to ensure harmony in your living environment.

By international Feng Shui and Four Pillars author and teacher Jerry King.

Do You Have Resources to Share?

If you’ve found any books, websites, services, courses that you personally love and wouldn’t go without, then drop a comment in below.  

Are YOU a resource in the Feng Shui, Astrology or Wellness industries? Contact Dean if you feel that your idea’s, courses, books or articles would be a good fit for this website. All links are dofollow.

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Dean French

With over two decades of practical Feng Shui experience, Dean French is known for his down-to-earth attitude, perceptive observational skills, and his direct and honest communication. Amongst his clients, he has a reputation as an accomplished consultant that has grown through perseverance, professional diligence, conscientious integrity, and the outstanding transformative life shifts they receive.

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